ICTAN researchers describe the interaction between diet, menstruation and genetics in iron status of young women.
It is concluded that the intake of red meat, the presence of the C282Y mutation in the hemochromatosis gene and low menstrual losses confer protection against iron deficiency anemia.
Anemia is a public health problem and its prevention is a global priority, because it affects a large segment of the female and child population of industrialized and developing countries.
The research was conducted in 142 healthy women who had undergone a complete nutritional study, blood tests and evaluation of menstrual losses by a specific questionnaire designed by the research team.
Genetic analysis were performed in collaboration with the Forensic and Population Genetics Laboratory of the Faculty of Medicine, Complutense University of Madrid.